Blood Pressure and Heart Disease
High Blood pressure or hypertension is the number one factor for stroke heart attack kidney failure and death and needs to be treated as a major risk element of heart disease. In normal cases, if the blood pressure reading is close to 140/90 or higher, it is considered to be on the higher side. Years of high blood pressure can cause damage to artery walls, making them stiff and narrow. As a result, your heart does not get the required blood that must be carried over, thereby causing heart attacks.
There is no specific explanation as to the cause of high blood pressure but some of the factors that play a part are –
- Being overweight or obeses
- Having a family history of high blood pressure
- Drinking excessive alcohol
- Following a diet high in sodium
- Not doing sufficient physical exercise
- Smoking heavily
Elevated blood pressure in people is associated with an increased cardiAC risk. As you get older, your systolic blood pressure becomes a more important predictor of the risk of cardiovascular disease. Although increasing blood pressure is part of aging, a healthy low salt diet, physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of this happening. It is important to have your blood pressure constantly checked and monitored by your healthcare giver. A person diagnosed with hypertension or prehypertension – a condition in which the blood pressure reads between 120/80 and 139/89 – can follow certain steps to keep the blood pressure in check such as –
- Lose weight if over-weight
- Engage in moderate exercise on a regular basis
- Quit smoking
- Restrict alcohol consumption ,tinned food, junk.salted snacks
- Reduce stress by engaging in stress-busting activities such as listening to music, socialising, playing sports, yoga etc.
- Follow a diet that is low in sodium and sugar (especially if diabetic) and rich in vegetables, fruits and low-fat dairy products.
- Take your prescribed blood pressure medication religiously.
It is important to check your blood pressure regularly and maintain a record so as to enable your doctor to diagnose accurately. The goal of BP in 2014 recommendation below 150/90 in 60 Yrs old and below 140/90 in younger. Specially with kidney disease and diabetes.
Most of the time does not produce symptoms but manifest as headache, chest pain, neck pain, gait instability, irritation, etc.